The Winter 2014 issue of ACResolution Magazine, the quarterly publication of the Association for Conflict Resolution, surveys the dispute mechanisms at the preeminent intergovernmental institutions: the International Monetary Fund; World Bank; United Nations; and International Labour Organization.
Joshua M. Javits--an IOA member, mediator, and arbitrator in Washington, DC--fits the Ombuds into their organizational contexts for each. (Only the ILO lacks an Organizational Ombuds program.) These internal structure exist because the IGO's immunity typically bars employees with employment-related issues from using local court systems. This is a good primer for the why and how of IGO dispute resolution systems. (ACResolution.)
Related posts: International Monetary Fund Announces New Ombuds; World Bank Appoints a Third Ombuds; Survey of Conflict Resolution Systems in International Financial Organizations Notes Importance of Ombuds Programs.